Books I recommend (one is written by me):

A Mathematician's Apology, G. H. Hardy

A Sense Of Where You Are, John McPhee

Albert Einstein: Creator and Rebel, Banesh Hoffmann, Helen Dukas

Apollo's Arrow, Nicholas A. Christakis

Bär Jordi: Und die Reise mit Hearty dem Hund, Karan Dehghani

Barbarian Days, William Finnegan

Blitzscaling, Reid Hoffman, Chris Yeh

Brief Answers to Big Questions, Stephen Hawking

Civilisation, Kenneth Clark

Eleven Rings, Phil Jackson and Hugh Delehanty

Euclid's Elements, Dana Densmore

Founders at Work, Jessica Livingston

Hackers And Painters, Paul Graham

High Growth Handbook, Elad Gil

How Customers Think, Gerald Zaltman

Mathematician's Delight, W.W.Sawyer

Oranges, John McPhee

On Bullshit, Harry G. Frankfurt

On Lisp: Advanced Techniques for Common Lisp, Paul Graham

Some Answered Questions, Abdul'Baha

The Act Of Creation, Arthur Koestler

The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin, Benjamin Franklin

The British Industrial Revolution in Global Perspective, Robert C. Allen

The Clean Coder, Robert C. Martin

The Dream Machine, M. Mitchell Waldrop

The God Particle, Leon M. Lederman, Dick Teresi

The Gutenberg Galaxy, Marshall McLuhan

The Lives of the Artists, Giorgio Vasari

The Lord of the Rings, J.R. R. Tolkien

The Secret Of Childhood, Maria Montessori

The Secret of Divine Civilisation, Abdu'l-Bahá

The Sense of Wonder, Rachel Carson

The Soul of A New Machine, Tracy Kidder

The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, Thomas S. Kuhn

The Theory of Investment Value, John Burr Williams

The Visual Display Of Quantitative Information, Edward R. Tufte

Toward A Theory Of Instruction, Jerome Bruner

Very Good, Jeeves!, P. G. Wodehouse

Without Their Permission, Alexis Ohanian

Zero To One, Peter Thiel